Like the use of massively state owned subsidized enterprises managed by a single agency.
"The Tariff Act’s antidumping provision derives from similar terms in the Anti-Dumping Act, 1921, 42 Stat. 11, which were adopted to “protec[t] our industries and labor against a now common species of commercial warfare of dumping goods on our markets at less than cost or home value if necessary until our industries are destroyed . . . .” H. R. Rep. No. 1, 67th Cong., 1st Sess., p. 23 (1921)."
"1974 U.S. CODE CONG. & AD. NEWS 7186, 7342.
[Congress enacted section 406 because it] recognize[d] that a communist
country, through control of the distribution process and the price at which
articles are sold, could disrupt the domestic markets of its trading partners
and thereby injure producers in those countries. In particular exports from
communist countries could be directed so as to flood domestic markets
within a shorter time period than could occur under free market condition[s]."
United States legislators were also motivated to support the law because they were concerned that the United States could become dependent upon communist countries for vital raw materials. I"
"The International Trade Administration (ITA), see infra note 33 and accompanying text, listed several factors to be considered in determining whether an economy
was nonmarket, including: i) state control of capital financing through controls on
internally generated funds and state control of banks; ii) state control of international
currency transactions with "hard currency" countries and officially maintained dual
exchange rate; and iii) government appointment of management, control of sectoral
development plans and capital investment. Truck Trailer Axle-and-Brake Assemblies
from Hungary, 46 Fed. Reg. 46,152 (1981); see infra note 105 (Commerce Department definition of nonmarket economy). Typically, the governments of nonmarket economy countries are communist."